—陳贤武將本總會在19年,廣展全國十三洲有分會,大小訓練班,美國加洲分會,大馬全國五十千门人,四千各級師範,也是大馬國術組織最多友族門人團体. 41 History of the Federation: Beginning in 1990, Zhen Wu Southern Chinese Kung Fu was established and founded by Grandmaster Brandon Chan. By 1994, it was registered under the Malaysia Zhen Wu Ving Chun Martial Art Association. Throughout the years, this association managed to generate many Sifu. From then on, this association formed up extra classes throughout other states and giving seminars with demonstration performance. This association also created the grading and training systems for the students which are not available in any other Chinese Kung Fu in Malaysia. This association was the first to apprehend this system. Besides this, the systems also include the Ving Chun 36 Combat Fighting Technique. This association was certified by the Ministry of Youth and Sports to promote Ving Chun in Malaysia. At the same time, in 29 December 1994, Grandmaster Brandon Chan received the Mandate Honorary Certificate in Martial Arts Programme from the Prime Minister of Malaysia. The Ministry of Youth and Sports Malaysia approved the certification on having Malaysia Zhen Wu Ving Chun Martial Art Association as the main centre to introduce Ving Chun Martial Arts throughout the whole nationwide. This association was featured 5 times in TV3, once in Astro and was broadcast over 2 million viewers in Malaysia including interviews from overseas reporters and featuring in local martial arts magazines. At that time, Grandmaster Brandon Chan was also providing articles to these magazines on Ving Chun. In 2003, Malaysia Zhen Wu Ving Chun Martial Arts Association was renamed and registered under the government act to Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu Federation which in later, the development of the Malaysia Ving Chun Instructor Council and Malaysia Ving Chun Combat Fighting Association. Forming up this 3 establishment is to properly monitor the responsibility and discipline of each individual instructor. The Malaysia Ving Chun Combat Fighting Association also created the 36 Steps Ving Chun Combat Fighting Techniques for the Malaysia Police Force and the National Army. Other than these, Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu Federation also formed up the Ladies Self Defense Techniques. The Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu Federation grading system has 13 levels which are divided into 5 stages. This system is to benefit those who have no knowledge or skills in martial arts and also to benefit those who had learned martial arts previously. Within the spans of 16 years, Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu Federation has spread throughout the 13 States in Malaysia and several other countries like Singapore, Thailand, Philippines and USA.
Copyright By Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu Federation
______________________________________________________________________________BIOGRAPHY OF FOUNDER AND PRESIDENT GRANDMASTER DR.BRANDON CHAN My love for martial arts came at an early tender age when I was 9 years old. I began watching lots of movies which features kung fu or any other styles of martial arts. I was beginning to be obsessed and it became a hobby at first. During my early days, I was always being bullied by others because of my skinny body structure and had a weaker body too. Because of this, I told myself that I wanted to learn kung fu and to fight them back. I always thought of becoming a hero, saving people from all this villains and bullies. One fine day, my father’s cousin recommended kung fu to build up my strength because of my weak body. At that time, I was suffering from asthma too as a young boy. At first, I took up Chi Kung in order to revive my energy and strength. Later, I went and took up another form of martial art from my uncle who was at that time, teaching the Southern Art Chinese Kung Fu. During my younger years, I happen to watch a movie about a kung fu fighter who was so quick with his hands and legs, and at that time, I didn’t know who he was until later when I found out, he was the legendary Bruce Lee (mandarin; Lee Xiao Long). Because of the influence of Bruce Lee, I began to learn Nunchaku by myself without an instructor. Grandmaster Brandon Chan & Great Grandmaster Ip Chun I was working hard daily on perfecting my martial art skills and techniques. Although, I thought that I was pretty good and fast at that time but something else was still missing. So, during my secondary years in school, there was a Tae Kwon Do class being held. I obviously wanted to learn more and I took up this new art in school. During my training and sparring session, I never spoke to anyone about my previous experience in learning other forms of martial arts. During sparring classes, some student got curious on how I happen to hit them with some fast moves without them seeing it coming. I was able to achieve this because of the hard training when I was learning the Southern Art Chinese Kung Fu. When I took up Tae Kwon Do in school, I was practicing everyday to improve my kicking techniques. I then participated in world competition trying to prove to myself and also to find out how far I had progress. I managed to win the light-weight category in free sparring and was also the 1st Runner-Up for displaying patterns. That got me boosted up and I began to train harder on my kicks. One day during a sparring session, I managed to knock down my opponent who was left motionless for hours and that shook me up a bit. From then on, I was pretty uptight of using my kicks during sparring sessions.Occasionally, we had a neighbor who visits my family quite often. I befriended him because both of us have something in common which is kung fu. At that time, I wasn’t aware that he was a Sifu (Master) in Hung Sing Choy Lay Fut another form of Chinese martial arts. All I know he was learning it. While still pursuing in Tae Kwon Do, I wanted to see how far I had progressed so I ask him for a try out and that try out change my life forever about high kicking. This is how the story goes, at first, I decided to give him a taste of my different types of kicking techniques which I have been training for many years and thought I could get him to feel the power of my kick. Before I even landed one of my kick, he managed to jump in a split of time and got whole of me and the last thing I remember, I was laying on the ground. To my surprise, I was thrown a few feet away. I never thought this could happen after so much training and effort I put into my daily routine. I realized that what I have learnt previously, I was not satisfied at all and hunger for more answers. So I decided to ask this great man to be his disciples. After that incident, he proudly spill out the beans by telling me that he is a Sifu in Hung Sing Choy Lay Fut. That began another new journey in my life. I started to learn everything from the beginning by polishing my skills and techniques towards my inner qi, the wooden dummy techniques, other different types of weapons, toughening my arms and legs and mostly everything, including the empty handed forms. I started to train harder and harder by hitting tree trunks, lifting more than 70kg with my wrist and arm, strengthen all my fingers and many more ways that I could think of, to improving my skills, techniques, strength and fitness.
At a point, I even built my own wooden dummy made from raw cement. It was built in a square shape instead of the original round shape. At that time, it was known as the Ching Jong. During my daily training routine, I was hitting it day and night to strengthen the core muscles around my arm. It took me several tough months to endure the pain and during one of my daily training, I accidently broke the whole body with my arm. I was so motivated and began to train in other aspect to strengthen my body. I would place heavy bricks on my body while lying down and to toughen my fingers, I began to thrust my fingers through metal tins. I told myself that within the period of 3 months, I had to penetrate the metal tins surface using only my fingers and I managed to do so. That didn’t stop me from training and improving further on my skills and techniques. During my training routine, I underwent a pretty tough training system as I had to wake up early as 6 in the morning for school. After that, I will try to complete my homework and start training again until the late hours. As a teenager, I often wanted to try out my skills with other martial artist just for the sake of wanting to know how good I was at that time. With the amount of training I put in, I was confident and had the courage to fight and manage to win every time. That even brought further up my spirit in challenging fights and tournaments, and I was truly a happy man.
From then onwards, I began to increase my knowledge and skills in learn stick fighting from one of my elder brother. He apparently took this art in France under Dan Inosanto. I was so fortunate at that time, having to learn another new form of martial art. While I was pursuing it, I was also giving Tae Kwon Do lessons. Throughout the years of teaching TKD, I managed to promote 50 students to the category of black belt. That was a great achievement for me and I even set up classes to teach Chinese Kung Fu. With the amount of training I put in, I was confident and had the courage to fight and manage to win every time. That even brought further up my spirit in challenging fights and tournaments, and I was truly a happy man.
From then onwards, I began to increase my knowledge and skills in learn stick fighting from one of my elder brother. He apparently took this art in France under Dan Inosanto. I was so fortunate at that time, having to learn another new form of martial art. While I was pursuing it, I was also giving Tae Kwon Do lessons. Throughout the years of teaching TKD, I managed to promote 50 students to the category of black belt. That was a great achievement for me and I even set up classes to teach Chinese Kung Fu. At the beginning, I did my research and suggested certain ideas to my Sifu; unfortunately, he was reluctant to accept any ideas. He decline most of it because it was not the appropriate way to learn as my Sifu was saying. The idea was not just to promote Ving Chun but to develop it nationwide. At first, I help to develop the Malaysia Martial Art Council then I tried to gather some Masters from various martial art centers to participate. Overall, it turn out to be a big disappointment as some of the Master wanted more than responsibility, instead they crave for power. That didn’t stop me from going further, so I went on and founded a federation under the Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu. I was able to make my mark and became the President of this Federation that was supported by the Malaysian Government and this programme was also approved by the Ministry of Youth and Sports. I had achieved what I dreamt of and was awarded the Mandate Honorary Certificate in Martial Arts Programme from the Prime Minister of Malaysia. It was truly a proud moment.
Super Advanced One Inch Punch Breaking a Board On Water !!
The Federation was also included in several TV appearance, newspaper and magazines. We even organized an event to promote other martial arts such as Ving Chun, Aikido, Muay Thai, Shaolin Kung Fu and Silat. It was called the 5 Master Seminars and about 300 participants took part in this martial arts cultural exchanging event. I later went on to introduce Ving Chun to the Police Academy and the Army. It was known as the 36 Steps Ving Chun Combat Fighting.
After appearing in various magazines, jealousy occurs. There were other Sifu or Masters who wanted to challenge me and I never declined their offers. At one time, a Chinese newspaper accidently wrote something wrong in one of their article saying that I was the Ving Chun “Person-in-Charge” for Malaysia. That created a misunderstanding and many people in the martial arts society was not happy and wanted me to leave the Ving Chun Association. Apparently, my Sifu managed to quickly sort things out. Over the years, I began to fulfill my dreams on promoting Ving Chun, solely on Ving Chun but nothing else in mind. SUPER ADVANCED DEMO BY GRANDMASTER BRANDON CHAN
Left :One Finger push up on e the chair TrainingRight:One Hand two finger push up Training
Left :One Inch Powerful Punch Right:One Inch Powerful Punch Breaking 2 Board on Air
Left :One Inch Punch Suspended Breaking 2 Board Right:One Inch Powerful Punch 5 Person
Left:One Feet Side Stamping Kick Suspended 2 Board
Right:The Powerful Groin Kick
President MIVCKFF met up with Grandmaster Ip Chun in Hong Kong. He was delighted that I have contributed so much within a span of 22 years and promoting Ving Chun and indeed, it was very successful. At the same time, Grandmaster Ip Chun ask me whether I would be interested in spreading the Ving Chun martial art and I was honored to do so and decide to be his disciple. Even at that time when I was accepted by Grandmaster Ip Chun, I didn’t break the news to other people until recently in year 2009.Listed here are some of my achievements: Achievements of Grandmaster Prof Dr. Brandon Chan陳賢武博士教授- 1.President & Founder of World Ving Chun Federation2.President & Founder Of Malaysia International Ving Chunm Kung Fu Federation3.Director & Founder of World Wing Chun Championship,4.Mandate Honorary Certificate in Martial Arts Programme from the Prime Minister Of Malaysia,5.Certificate Of Honour from Prime Minister Of Malaysia YAB.Dato'Mohd Najib Bin Haji Abdul Razak,6.Certificate Of Honour from Chief Minister Selangor YAB Tan Sri Dato' Seri Abd Khalild Bin Ibrahim,7.President & Founder Malaysia Ving Chun Kung Fu Instructor Council,8.President & Founder Of Malaysia Ving Chun Combat Fighting Association,9.Former Secretary of Malaysia Master of Martial Arts Council,10.Founder of Zong Zi Do,11.Permanent Ordinary Member & Instructor of Hong Kong Ving Chun Athletic Association,12.Permanent Ordinary Member & Instructor of Wing Chun Ip Chun Academy,13.8th Dan of World Organization Of Wushu Kung Fu Masters,14.Merit Of Excellence of Asia Pacific Open University.15.2nd Direct Generation of Late GM.Ip Man.16.Certificate Of Honour From Chief Minister YAB.Dato'Seri Diraja Dr.Zambry Abdul Kadir17.Doctor of Philosophy in Martial Arts World Academy of Martial Arts Philosophy and Science.18.Doctor of Philosophy in Martial Arts Philosophy Asia Pacific Open University.19.Professorship of Asia Pacific Open University.20.Appointment as representative of Asia Pacific Open University Asia & China21.Hall of Fame of Ving Chun Grandmaster of the Year 201222.Hon.7th Dan Global Tae Kwon DoFederation23.Hon.7th Dan Malaysia Global Tae Kwon Do24.10th Dan of Chiense Kung Fu25.World Sokeship -Founder & Grandmaster AllianceGrandmaster & Master Council._____________________________________________________________
THE WING CHUN DIRECT GENERATION THREE FAMILY CHART 詠春派嫡傳門人圖表
YIM WING CHUN 嚴詠春 ILEUNG BOK SHOU梁博寿 I LEUNG LAN KWAI梁蘭桂I WONG WAH PO黄华寶 ILEUNG YEE TAI梁二娣 I LEUNG JAN梁赞 ICHAN WAH SHUN LEUNG BAI
陳华順 梁壁 IIP MAN--(OTHER ) 葉问IIP CHUN--(OTHER)葉準1 st Direct Generation of Late Great Grandmaster Ip ManI BRANDON CHAN XIAN WU陳贤武 ( Malaysia) 2 nd Direct Generation of Late Great Grandmaster Ip ManCopyright By Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu Federation _____________________________________________________________________________________ BIOGRAPHY OF GREAT GRANDMASTER IP CHUN <3762src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_zycnwVOxBus/Sgfj668roYI/AAAAAAAACNA/uJfFxhnafuc/s320/389aa8fd2fd29a0d08244d74%5B1%5D.jpg" style="height: 429px; width: 426px;" /> Great Grandmaster Ip Man師公葉问宗師(1893-1972)
Ip Man (Ye Wen), sometimes rendered as Ip Man, was born Ip Gei-Man (Ye Jiwen) to a wealthy merchant family in Foshan in 1893*. He began learning Wing Chun Kuen sometime between 1906 and 1911* under Chan WahI-Shun who was said to have been teaching out of the Ip Family Ancestral Temple at the time. The old money-changer was nearing the end of his career and much of Ip Man's hands on instruction fell to seniors (most prominently Ng Jung-So), especially after Chan suffered a stroke in 1908 and retired Most accounts suggest that, following Chan's death in 1911, Ip went to Hong Kong to attend St. Stephan’s College where met and apprenticed himself to his martial uncle, Leung Bik, polishing his skills to a very advanced level. Some of Yip Man's students, however, maintain that this was simply a story created by Ip Man's friend, Lee Man, for promotional purposes and that he refined his skills instead through hard work and personal insight in Foshan. There are also accounts of Yip Man exchanging with friends such as Chu Chong-Man, Cho On, and/or Yuen Kay-SanAlthough Yip Man developed an extraordinary reputation for his great Wing Chun Kuen skill, he did not teach for many years. In 1942, however, his resources grew severely depleated under the Japanese occupation and in order to repay a kindness, he took on some students in Yongan including Chow Ywong-Yiu, Kwok Fu, and Lun Gai. In November, 1949, Ip Man fled the Communist rise in China to Macao. He soon ventured over to Hong Kong where, in 1950, he began teaching his Wing Chun Kuen to members of the Restaurant Workers Union. To many of his students, his friendly nature and demeanor led him to be called Man Suk (Younger Uncle Man) in the early years and Man Gung (Grandfather Man) later on Over his long career in Hong Kong, he taught many, many, outstanding students (with apologies, far to many to list here) who have gone on to teach generations of excellent students in their own right and have spread his style of Wing Chun Kuen around the world. Among some of Ip Man’s most famous students were/are, Leung Sheung, Lok Yiu, Tsui Seung-Tin, Wong Shun-Leung, Lee Siu-Long (Bruce Lee), Ho Kam-Ming, Moy Yat, Leung Ting, and many, many othersNote: Although the 1893 birthdate, provided by Ip Man's son,Ip Chun, must be regarded as the official date for reference purposes, there is a second set of dates which come from a variaty of sources, including some of Ip Man's students. These dates mention Ip Man being born closer to 1898 (although some say as early as 1895)
叶问正室为其生两子两女，长子叶准.次子叶正。其妾室为其生一子，叶少华。另还有一女，名字不详. 与李小龙 叶问弟子中最出名的是让中国武术闻名世界的武打巨星李小龙宗师.回首当年，李小龙出生在美国，但他的童年和少年时光是在香港度过的。小时候的李小龙身体十分瘦弱，父亲为了强壮儿
李小龙约在1956年间，在利达街武馆内拜入叶问门下，而他确是相当投入，从不缺课，但因移民美国，可惜未能连续学完所有拳法。发达后的李小龙，曾再亲访叶师，希望能学得咏春拳的木人桩法。并提出以一间楼宇的代价请叶师亲自示范全部咏春木人桩法，由李氏拍摄成影片携带回美国自行学习，但却被叶问所拒，若干弟子则认为李小龙之优厚条件，师父未能接纳，以为可惜，但叶师其本人意愿是只要求学者有心学技，则全力传授，绝不把功夫当成商品房出售，最重要的是更不能厚此薄彼，此种大家长作风，更为其门下弟子所爱戴。 Copyright by Malaysia International Ving Chun Kung Fu Federation
HISTORY OF BRUCE LEE JUN FAN (27-11-1940 - 20-07-1973 )Bruce Lee Jun Fan (李振藩; pinyin: Lǐ Zhènfān; 27 November 1940 – 20 July 1973) was a Chinese martial artist, philosopher, instructor, martial arts actor and the founder of the Jeet Kune Do combat form. He is widely regarded as the most influential martial artist of the twentieth century and a cultural icon. He was also the father of actor Brandon Lee and of actress Shannon Lee. Lee was born in San Francisco, California, and raised in Hong Kong until his late teens. His Hong Kong and Hollywood-produced films elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level of popularity and acclaim, and sparked the first major surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West. The direction and tone of his films changed and influenced martial arts and martial arts films in Hong Kong and the rest of the world as well. Lee became an iconic figure particularly to the Chinese, as he portrayed Chinese national pride and Chinese nationalism in his movies. He primarily practiced Chinese martial arts (gung fu), particularly Ving Chun. Lee Jun Fan was born in the hour of the dragon, between 7 – 9 a.m., in the Year of the Dragon according to the Chinese zodiac calendar, November 27, 1940, at the Chinese Hospital in San Francisco’s Chinatown. Bruce Lee's Cantonese given name was Jun Fan (振藩; Mandarin Pinyin: Zhènfán). At birth, the English name "Bruce" was thought to be given by the hospital attending physician, Dr. Mary Glover (or some said it was one of the nurses). Though Mrs. Lee did not initially plan on an English name for the child, she deemed it appropriate and would concur with Dr. Glover's addition. However, his American name was never used within his family until he enrolled in the primary school division of La Salle College (a Hong Kong high school) at the age of 10 or 12 and later at another high school (St. Francis Xavier's College in Kowloon), where Lee would come to represent the boxing team in inter-school events.
Bruce Lee also had three other Chinese names: Li Yuen Yam [李源鑫; Mandarin Pinyin: Lǐ yuán-xīn, as a family/clan name (族名)], Li Yuen Kam [李元鑒; Mandarin Pinyin: Lǐ yuán-jiàn, as a student name (學名) while attending La Salle College], and of course his Chinese stage name 李小龍 [Cantonese pengyam: Ley Siu Long (or Lee Siu Loong); Mandarin Pinyin: Lǐ Xiǎolóng]. The Jun Fan name was originally written in Chinese as 震藩, however this Jun (震) was identical to part of his grandfather's name 李震彪, and was considered a no-no in Chinese tradition. Therefore, Bruce Lee's name was changed to 振 which had the identical pronunciation with 震 and virtually identical meaning. Also of note is that Bruce Lee was given a feminine nickname, Sai Fung (細鳳, literally "small phoenix"), which was used throughout his early childhood in keeping with a Chinese custom, traditionally thought to hide a male child from evil spirits. In Linda Lee's books, she repeatedly cited that Jun Fan meant "return again" (back to the U.S.), but Jun (振) really means "to invigorate" or "to shock", and Fan (藩) is the well known Chinese abbreviation for the city of San Francisco (三藩市). Bruce Lee's stage names 李小龍 was first suggested by Yuan Bu Yun (袁步雲) when Lee played the title role of the 1950 Cantonese movie 細路祥 ("Kid Cheung"). It is possible that the name "Lee Little Dragon" was based on his childhood name of "small dragon", as, in Chinese tradition, the dragon and phoenix come in pairs to represent the male and female genders respectively. The more likely explanation is that he came to be called "Little Dragon" because, according to the Chinese zodiac, he was born in the Year of the Dragon. Many, including his wife Linda, also stretched the "dragon" connection, a bit over-enthusiastically, by suggesting that Lee was born during the "hour of dragon" (6-8 AM, as claimed in Linda's books and many others). However, animal zodiac normally does not apply to hours of the day, but when it does, the period from 6 to 8 Am actually straddles between the "hour of rabbit" (5-7 AM) and the "hour of dragon" (7-9 AM). Beside, the Little Dragon name only came about long (10 years) after he was born.
After attending Tak Sun School (德信學校) located just a couple of blocks from his home at 218 Nathan Road, Kowloon, Lee entered the primary school division of the prestigious La Salle College (喇沙書院) in 1950 or 1952 (at the age of 10 or 12). In around 1956, due to poor academic performance (and/or possibly poor conduct as well), he was transferred to St. Francis Xavier's College (high school) where he would be mentored by Brother Edward, a Catholic monk (originally from Germany spending his entire adult life in China and then Hong Kong), teacher, and coach of the school boxing team. In the spring of 1959, Lee got into yet another street fight and the police were called. Confirming the police's fear that Bruce Lee's fighting opponent this time had organized crime background and a possible contract was out for his life, in April 1959 his parents decided to send him to the United States to meet up with his older sister Agnes (李秋鳳) who was already living with family friends in San Francisco.
At the age of 18 and a half, Lee returned to the U.S. as a native-born citizen, with $100 in his pocket and the titles of 1957 High School Boxing Champion and 1958 Crown Colony Cha Cha Champion (or second place) of Hong Kong, to further his education. After living in San Francisco for several months, he moved to Seattle in the fall of the same year (1959) to continue his high school education and to work for Ruby Chow as a live-in waiter at her restaurant. Ruby's husband was a co-worker and friend of his father. His older brother Peter (李忠琛) would also join Bruce Lee in Seattle for a short stay before moving on to Minnesota to attend college. In December 1960, Lee completed his high school education and received his diploma from Edison Technical School (now Seattle Central Community College, located on Capitol Hill, Seattle). He then enrolled at the University of Washington in March 1961 majoring in drama, and likely also took courses in philosophy, psychology, and various other subjects. It was at the University of Washington that he met his future wife Linda Emery, whom he would marry in August 1964.
Bruce Lee abandoned his university education (3 years and never graduated) in the spring of 1964 and moved to Oakland to live with James Yimm Lee (嚴鏡海, no relation to Bruce Lee, and his Chinese surname was actually "Yim", a typical blunder by the immigration officials when James' father was first immigrated to the US). Twenty years senior to Bruce Lee and a well known Chinese martial artist in the Bay area, James Lee would join Bruce Lee to co-found the second Jun Fan martial art studio in Oakland (the first one in Seattle). James Lee was also responsible to introduce Bruce Lee to Ed Parker, royalty of the US martial art world and organizer of the (Long Beach) International Karate Championships at which Bruce Lee was later "discovered" by Hollywood.
While in the United States from 1959–1964, Lee abandoned thoughts of a film career in favor of pursuing martial arts. William Dozier invited Lee for an audition, where Lee so impressed the producers with his lightning-fast moves that he earned the role of Kato alongside Van Williams in the TV series The Green Hornet. The show lasted just one season, from 1966 to 1967. Lee also played Kato in three crossover episodes of Batman. This was followed by guest appearances in a host of television series, including Ironside (1967) and Here Come the Brides (1969). In 1969, Lee made a brief appearance in his first American film Marlowe where he played a henchman hired to intimidate private detective Philip Marlowe (played by James Garner) by smashing up his office with leaping kicks and flashing punches, only to later accidentally jump off a tall building while trying to kick Marlowe off. In 1971, Lee appeared in four episodes of the television series Longstreet as the martial arts instructor of the title character Mike Longstreet (played by James Franciscus). According to statements made primarily by Linda Lee Caldwell after Bruce's death, Bruce would later pitch a television series of his own tentatively titled The Warrior. According to Caldwell, Lee's concept was retooled and renamed Kung Fu, but Warner Bros. gave Lee no credit. Instead the role of the Shaolin monk in the Wild West, known to have been conceived by Bruce, was awarded to then non-martial artist David Carradine because of the studio's fears that a Chinese leading man would not be embraced by the public. Books and documentaries about the show "Kung Fu" dispute Caldwell's version. According to these sources, the show was created by two writers and producers, Ed Spielman and Howard Friedlander, and the reason Lee was not cast was in part because of his ethnicity but moreso because he had a thick accent.
(Bruce Lee in Fist of Fury)
Not happy with his supporting roles in the U.S., Lee returned to Hong Kong and was offered a film contract by legendary director Raymond Chow to star in films produced by his production company Golden Harvest. Lee played his first leading role in The Big Boss (1971) which proved an enormous box office success across Asia and catapulted him to stardom. He soon followed up his success with two more huge box office successes:
Fist of Fury (1972) and Way of the Dragon (1972). For Way of the Dragon, he took complete control of the film's production as the writer, director, star, and choreographer of the fight scenes. In 1964, at a demonstration in Long Beach, California, Lee had met karate champion Chuck Norris. In Way of the Dragon Lee introduced Norris to moviegoers as his opponent in the final death fight at the Colosseum in Rome, today considered one of Lee's most legendary fight scenes.
In 1973, Lee played the lead role in Enter the Dragon, the first film to be produced jointly by Golden Harvest and Warner Bros. This film would skyrocket Lee to fame in the U.S. and Europe. However, only a few months after the film's completion and three weeks before its release, the supremely fit Lee mysteriously died. Enter the Dragon would go on to become one of the year's highest grossing films and cement Lee as a martial arts legend. It was made for US$850,000 in 1973 (equivalent to $4 million adjusted for inflation as of 2007). To date, Enter the Dragon has grossed over $200 million worldwide. Robert Clouse, the director of Enter the Dragon, and Raymond Chow attempted to finish Lee's incomplete film Game of Death which Lee was also set to write and direct. Lee had shot over 100 minutes of footage, including outtakes, for Game of Death before shooting was stopped to allow him to work on Enter the Dragon. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, a student of Lee, also appeared in the film, which culminates in Lee's character, Hai Tien (clad in the now-famous yellow track suit) taking on the 7'2" basketball player in a climactic fight scene. In a controversial move, Robert Clouse finished the film using a look-alike and archive footage of Lee from his other films with a new storyline and cast, which was released in 1979. However, the cobbled-together film contained only fifteen minutes of actual footage of Lee (he had printed many unsuccessful takes) while the rest had a Lee look-alike.
Lee's first introduction to martial arts was through his father, Lee Hoi Cheun. He learned the fundamentals of Wu style Tai Chi Chuan from his father. Lee's sifu, Ving Chun master Yip Man, was also a colleague and friend of Hong Kong's Wu style Tai Chi Chuan teacher Wu Ta-ch'i.
Lee trained in Ving Chun Gung Fu from age 13–18 under Hong Kong Wing Chun Sifu Yip Man. Lee was introduced to Yip Man in early 1954 by William Cheung, then a live-in student of Yip Man. Like most Chinese martial arts schools at that time, Sifu Yip Man's classes were often taught by the highest ranking students. One of the highest ranking students under Yip Man at the time was Wong Shun-Leung. Wong is thought to have had the largest influence on Bruce's training. Yip Man trained Lee privately after some students refused to train with Lee due to his ancestry.
Bruce was also trained in Western boxing and won the 1958 Boxing Championship match against 3-time champion Gary Elms by knockout in the 3rd round. Before arriving to the finals against Elms, Lee had knocked out 3 straight boxers in the first round. In addition, Bruce learned western fencing techniques from his brother Peter Lee, who was a champion fencer at the time. This multi-faceted exposure to different fighting arts would later play an influence in the creation of the eclectic martial art Jeet Kune Do.
Lee began teaching martial arts after his arrival in the United States in 1959. Originally trained in Wing Chun Gung Fu, Lee called what he taught Jun Fan Gung Fu. Jun Fan Gung Fu (literally Bruce's Gung Fu), is basically a slightly modified approach to Wing Chun Gung Fu. Lee taught friends he met in Seattle, starting with Judo practitioner Jesse Glover as his first student and who later became his first assistant instructor. Before moving to California, Lee opened his first martial arts school, named the Lee Jun Fan Gung Fu Institute, in Seattle. Lee also improvised his own kicking method, involving the directness of Wing Chun and the power of Northern Shaolin kung fu. Lee's kicks were delivered very quickly to the target, without "chambering" the leg. Jeet Kune Do originated in 1965. A match with Wong Jack Man influenced Lee's philosophy on fighting. Lee believed that the fight had lasted too long and that he had failed to live up to his potential using Wing Chun techniques. He took the view that traditional martial arts techniques were too rigid and formalistic to be practical in scenarios of chaotic street fighting. Lee decided to develop a system with an emphasis on "practicality, flexibility, speed, and efficiency". He started to use different methods of training such as weight training for strength, running for endurance, stretching for flexibility, and many others which he constantly adapted.
Lee emphasized what he called "the style of no style". This consisted of getting rid of a formalized approach which Lee claimed was indicative of traditional styles. Because Lee felt the system he now called Jun Fan Gung Fu was too restrictive, it was developed into a philosophy and martial art he would come to call (after the name was suggested by Dan Inosanto) Jeet Kune Do or the Way of the Intercepting Fist. It is a term he would later regret because Jeet Kune Do implied specific parameters that styles connote whereas the idea of his martial art was to exist outside of parameters and limitations. Lee directly certified only 3 instructors. Taky Kimura, James Yimm Lee (no relation to Bruce Lee), and Dan Inosanto, are the only instructors certified personally by Lee. Inosanto holds the 3rd rank (Instructor) directly from Bruce Lee in Jeet Kune Do, Jun Fan Gung Fu, and Bruce Lee's Tao of Chinese Gung Fu. Taky Kimura holds a 5th rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu. James Yimm Lee (now deceased) held a 3rd rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu. Ted Wong holds 2nd rank in Jeet Kune Do certified directly by Dan Inosanto. James Yimm Lee and Taky Kimura hold ranks in Jun Fan Gung Fu, not Jeet Kune Do; Taky received his 5th rank in Jun Fan Gung Fu after the term Jeet Kune Do existed. Also Bruce gave Dan all three diplomas on the same day, suggesting perhaps that Bruce wanted Dan to be his protege. All other Jeet Kune Do instructors since Lee's death have been certified directly by Dan Inosanto.
James Yimm Lee, a close friend of Lee, died without certifying additional students. Taky Kimura, to date, has certified only one person in Jun Fan Gung Fu: his son and heir Andy Kimura. Dan Inosanto continued to teach and certify select students in Jeet Kune Do for over 30 years, making it possible for thousands of martial arts practitioners to trace their training lineage back to Bruce Lee. Prior to his death, Lee told his then only two living instructors Inosanto and Kimura (James Yimm Lee had died in 1972) to dismantle his schools. Both Taky Kimura and Dan Inosanto were allowed to teach small classes thereafter, under the guideline "keep the numbers low, but the quality high". Bruce also instructed several World Karate Champions including Chuck Norris, Joe Lewis, and Mike Stone. Between all 3 of them, during their training with Bruce they won every Karate Championship in the United States.
A foreshadowing of events to come occurred on 10 May 1973, when Lee collapsed in Golden Harvest studios while doing dubbing work for Enter the Dragon. Suffering from full-body seizures and cerebral edema, he was immediately rushed to Hong Kong Baptist Hospital where doctors were able to reduce the swelling through the administration of mannitol and revive him. These same symptoms that occurred in his first collapse were later repeated on the day of his death.
On 20 July 1973, Lee was in Hong Kong, due to have dinner with former James Bond star George Lazenby, with whom he intended to make a film. According to Lee's wife Linda, Lee met producer Raymond Chow at 2 p.m. at home to discuss the making of the movie Game of Death. They worked until 4 p.m. and then drove together to the home of Lee's colleague Betty Ting, a Taiwanese actress. The three went over the script at Ting's home, and then Chow left to attend a dinner meeting.
A short time later, Lee complained of a headache, and Ting gave him an analgesic (painkiller), Equagesic, which contained both aspirin and a muscle relaxant. Around 7:30 p.m., he went to lie down for a nap. After Lee did not turn up for dinner, Chow came to the apartment but could not wake Lee up. A doctor was summoned, who spent ten minutes attempting to revive him before sending him by ambulance to Queen Elizabeth Hospital. However, Lee was dead by the time he reached the hospital. There was no visible external injury; however, his brain had swollen considerably, from 1,400 to 1,575 grams (a 13% increase). Lee died from a hypersensitivity to the muscle relaxant in Equagesic, which he described as a common ingredient in painkillers. When the doctors announced Lee's death officially, it was ruled a "death by misadventure." Bruce dies in the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Hong Kong. He receives a national funeral in Hong Kong viewed by over ten thousands grieving mourners. Before Linda and the children plus close relatives and friends including Steve McQueen and James Coburn, Bruce was also given a private burial at Lake View Cemetery in Seattle on July 31st 1973. Bruce Lee was 32 years old. Today Bruce Lee is still a world icon and an inspiration to all seeking the answers to life's problems, and the search for ultimate knowledge that is self-knowledge.